Saturday, June 21, 2014

The Timeline of Life, Part 2

In the Mesozoic and Cenozoic,  there were only a few images that I used from the Garden of Francis download. 

For the Mesozoic, I used this article, The Three Ages of Dinosaurs, to help me decide on what to include. Then, the first place I checked for images was Super Coloring. If I couldn't find something there, I did a google image search. The dinosaurs were easy to research, and it was easy to find images.

In the Mesozoic, I followed the trail leading to the Age of Mammals by including the therapsid Lystrosaurus and Eozostrodon in the Triassic, Oligokyphus in the Jurassic, and Repenomamus and Cimolestes in the Cretaceous.

After the Permian extinction event and the disappearance of the primitive sea lilies, I tried to include some other things that went on in the sea. Apparently, coral barriers formed in the Triassic, starfish diversified in the Jurassic, giant bivalves joined the party in large numbers during the Cretaceous, and the first true starfish genus showed up in the Paleogene.

I also researched insects and plants. Beetles diversified in the Triassic and flies arrived. Googling Jurassic insects led me to the scary, giant flea-like insects. The Cretaceous saw termites and mosquitos, and the first true butterflies flitted into the Paleogene. Cycadeoids were nommed on by dinos in the Jurassic, angiosperms diversified in the Cretaceous, and grasses appeared in the Paleogene. Man cultivated grains in the Quaternary. 

I have some cool marine beasties swimming along the bottom of the Mesozoic. In the Cenozoic, I was excited to include megalodon. Sharks had been swimming around since the Paleozoic, but the extinction of the large marine reptiles at the end of the Mesozoic left the apex predator position open. I included the damselfish in the Quaternary because I read an article discussing it as an example of evolution in action.

I liked the large herbivore from the Garden of Francis mutes and liked that they also included the whale, so I followed up with the elephant in the Neogene.

I really wanted to include a saber-tooth tiger (smilodon). Once I added him, a miacoid in the Paleogene seemed obvious. Although not descended from smilodon, the tiger seemed the appropriate miacoid descendant to include in the Quaternary. 

The Garden of Francis mutes included the man, so I added the ape in the Neogene and the primate in the Paleogene. 

The mutes included eohippus and mesohippus, so I added pliohippus and the modern horse. 

The archaeopteryx was included in the mutes. After him, I included feathered a feathered dinosaur, ichthyornis, and hesperornis in the Cretaceous; gastornis in the Paleogene and a hummingbird and an American Kestrel in the Quaternary. I chose the modern birds based on my middle son's favorites, but finches would be the obvious bird to include.

I continued with the paleo-maps along the bottom, extinction events, and ice age information. I wrapped up our timeline with some information about the geologic timescale. 

I am pleased with the finished product, but there is always more. ;) I wish I would have included more Cephalopods and more turtles. I wish frogs were there. I am sad to have excluded the wooly mammoth and the giant wombat. Ah well, too many animals only so much space. Oh- and why include plants and no fungi! OK, OK, what is on there makes me smile... big. :D


  1. This looks amazing! Thank you for sharing

  2. Thanks
    This was 2.5 years ago, but it still makes me smile.

  3. Where did you get this from or did you create it yourself? I would love to use a template in my 8th grade class room!